Ingredient Glossary

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C, an antioxidant vitamin. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

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Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Brown Rice

Whole grain brown rice ground to a powder. Whole grains are metabolized more slowly, providing a steady supply of energy throughout the day. Source of fiber, carbohydrates and vitamin B.

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Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Chicken

Chicken is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability.

Chicken Fat

A digestible energy source. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of omega-6) and Linoleic (omega-6) Acid.

Chicken Meal

Chicken is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Chicory Root (Dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Chondroitin Sulfate

A substance found in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

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Dried Bifidobacterium Animalis Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blend, K9 Strain® Probiotics.

Dried Lactobacillus Reuteri Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain® Probiotics, added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion.

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Egg (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs.

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Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Flaxseed

A plant source of omega-3 fatty acids that is very palatable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

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Garbanzo Beans

Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are a legume. They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

A building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

Ground White Rice

Ground rice is white rice that is received as a ground ingredient, instead of whole. Rice is a highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient that supplies energy for active pets.

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Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

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Lamb

Lamb is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability.

Lamb Meal

Lamb is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

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Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

Manganous Oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

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Natural Flavor

Ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food. (Does not contain MSG).

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.

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Oatmeal

Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

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Pea Flour

Whole peas that have been ground into a flour consistency. Excellent source of protein and carbohydrates.

Peas

Peas, either green or yellow, are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

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Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water soluble. This vitamin is necessary for nervous system function, energy utilization, healthy skin and coat and tissue repair.

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Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

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Thiamine Mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato Pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and firm stools. Sourced from tomatoes, contributes vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

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Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

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Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction.